The frequency of occurrence of extreme weather events such as flood, drought, heat waves, hurricanes and bush fires in different parts of the world in recent years have brought to fore the urgency to examine the impact of climate change on sustainable development. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), in its Fourth Assessment Report (4AR), reports an apparent rise in the global average temperature and its associated consequences on global and regional weather and climate. The Nigerian Meteorological Society (NMetS) in its effort to advance the science of meteorology, climate and water resources organized an International conference on climate change. The conference tagged "NMetS Zaria 2011" had as its theme: Climate Change Impact: Risks and Opportunities. The conference attracted seasoned academics within and outside Nigeria, professionals, administrators, government officials, Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) and policy makers within the broad spectrum of climate change. Two lead papers on the issue of climate change were presented by well-known experts. Over 100 papers on all topics relating to climate change were presented during the technical sessions of the conference.
After an exhaustive deliberation, the following observations were made:
Following the observations highlighted above, the following measures have been recommended to reduce the impacts associated with climate change globally and Nigeria in particular:
Ahmadu Bello University shall be a world-class university comparable to any other, engaged in imparting contemporary knowledge, using high quality facilities and multi-disciplinary approaches, to men and women of all races, as well as generating new ideas and intellectual practices relevant to the needs of its immediate community, Nigeria and the world at large.
To advance the frontiers of learning and break new grounds, through teaching, reaserch and the dissemination of knowledge of the highest quality; to establish and foster national and international integration, development and the promotion of African traditions and cultures; to produce high-level human power and enhance capacity-building through retaining, in order to meet the needs and challenges of the catchment area, Nigeria and the rest of the world.